Every digital image that we see made up of pixels. What is a Vector design and what is Raster design? Many graphic designers mostly forget the difference and they can’t explain the difference between vector and graphic design. Let me explain in precise,

Vector Design:

Vector design are made up of paths, each with a mathematical formula that tells the path how it is shaped and what color it is bordered with or filled.  It have small file sizes and perfect for drawing but Difficult to blend colors without rasterizing. The three basic symbol types for vector data are points, lines and polygons because cartographers use these symbols to represent real-world features in maps. Vector points are simply XY coordinates.

File types include .ai, .cdr, .svg; plus .eps and .pdf when created by vector programs.Vector images can be created and edited in programs such as Illustrator, CorelDraw and InkScape.

Vector images are comprise of shapes, and each shape has its own color. Thus, vectors cannot achieve the color gradients and shading. True vector design are comprised of line art, sometimes called wireframes, that are filled with color.

Raster Design:

Raster design comprise of individual pixels of color and each color pixel contributes to the overall image. When view as an individual dot, it’s just a color, but when view as a whole, the colored dots make up a vivid and detailed painting.

It constrained by resolution and dimensions and capable of rich, complex color blends but have large file sizes.

File types include: .jpg, .gif, .png, .tif, .bmp, .psd; plus .eps and .pdf when created by raster programs.

Raster images are ideal for photo editing and creating digital paintings in programs such as Photoshop and GIMP. Raster images are best for photos, while vectors are best for logos, illustrations. Many projects combine raster and vector images together.

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